The main focus of maths teaching in upper Key Stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.
At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems using both written and mental methods of calculation. With this grounding in arithmetic, pupils will learn the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. In geometry, your child will learn to classify shapes with complex properties and will learn the vocabulary they need to describe them.
By the end of Year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long division and multiplication, and in working with fractions, decimals, and percentages. They should be able to read, spell, and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.
There are a variety of simple things you can do at home to support your child’s developing maths skills:
- Fire times tables at them in the car
- In the supermarket, ask them to estimate the final bill by rounding and adding as you go
- Ask them the time regularly
- Get the protractor out whenever you can
- Take a trip into London and ask them to plan the journey using the train timetable